The Civil Rights Act of was a revolutionary piece of legislation in the United States that effectively outlawed egregious forms of discrimination against African Americans and women, including all forms of segregation. The Civil Rights Act of terminated unequal application in regards to voter registration requirements and all forms of racial segregation in schools, in the workplace and by facilities that offered services to the general public.
Public Domain" Henry Ford Museum The Negro Motorist Green Book, popularly known as the Green Book, was a travel guide intended to help African American motorists avoid social obstacles prevalent during the period of racial segregationcommonly referred to as Jim Crow.
The Green Book listed businesses that would accept African American customers. The first guide focused on Metropolitan New York. The next year, inGreen expanded listings to other locations.
His book would eventually include every state and several international destinations before ceasing publication in Before its demise the book was the most popular of several tourist guides created specifically for an African American audience. These types of travel guides were necessary during the Jim Crow era because African Americans were subject to acts of discrimination and occasional intimidation as many businesses refused to accept them as customers.
African American motorists, for example were warned to avoid sundown towns which required minorities to be outside the city limits before sundown, hence the name.
African American travel could be fraught with risk and guides like the Green Book were an important resource. The Green Book also provided a service that made lodging reservations for clients. The listings were verified annually to ensure accuracy. In addition to business listings, the books included travel articles, driving tips, and essays highlighting locations of interest.
An important sponsor for the Green Book was the Esso Standard Oil Company, which distributed the books and solicited African American customers through them.
As the geographic scope of the guide expanded, entry types were reduced. However, the Green Book listed only hotels, motels, and tourist homes. The creation of the national highway system diminished the need for these travel guides because highways minimized contact with local communities, decreasing chances for discrimination against African American motorists.
Eventually, the passage of the Civil Rights Act made the Green Book and similar publications obsolete, just as Green predicted.Civil Rights Act essays Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of "bans discrimination, including sex-based discrimination, by trade unions, schools, or employers that are involved in interstate commerce or that do business with the federal government (Britannica 1)." The Civil Rights.
The first gathering devoted to women’s rights in the United States was held July 19–20, , in Seneca Falls, New York. The principal organizers of the Seneca Falls Convention were Elizabeth Cady Stanton, a mother of four from upstate New York, and the Quaker abolitionist Lucretia Mott.
1 About people attended the convention; two-thirds were . Civil Rights Act, (), comprehensive U.S. legislation intended to end discrimination based on race, colour, religion, or national origin.
It is often called the most important U.S. law on civil rights since Reconstruction (–77) and is a hallmark of the American civil rights movement. Throughout the Fall of and into early , SNCC and COFO organizers and volunteers continue to work with dedicated local activists to provide a Freedom Movement presence in Issaquena County.
civil rights movement leading up to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of Subsequent essays explore the Hispanic and Asian American experiences of the nineteenth and twentieth.
A timeline of significant events concerning slavery, the abolitionist movement and the ongoing fight for Civil Rights in the United States, from the slave trade in the late 15th century until modern times.