Management of mitigation after a calamity essay

It defines risk as: Exposure to the possibility of loss, injury, or other adverse or unwelcome circumstance; a chance or situation involving such a possibility. This definition, using project terminology, is easily made universal by removing references to projects. The possibility that an actual return on an investment will be lower than the expected return.

Management of mitigation after a calamity essay

Page 23 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Reducing the Impacts of Natural Disasters. The National Academies Press. Numerous cost-effective mitigation programs should be recognized and profiled.

Transferable solutions need to be closely examined.

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At the same time, a balanced Decade program should address the fundamental problems associated with mitigation — the economic, social, and political barriers.

The Committee recommends that every community at significant risk adopt and enforce an appropriate mitigation program, including both nearterm goals and a comprehensive long-range plan for reducing the impacts of natural disasters.

To achieve this goal, the Committee proposes that local jurisdictions take the following steps: A program for enhancing the nation's hazard mitigation capabilities should include: Protection of schools and hospitals.

All new schools and hospitals should be located and constructed to ensure that high-hazard areas are avoided and that special provisions are made to reduce the potential for damage by natural hazards. In addition, existing school and hospital buildings should be surveyed to determine their levels of resistance to relevant hazards.

Management of mitigation after a calamity essay

Strenuous efforts should be made to strengthen facilities that would fail in a disaster. In some instances, legislation may be required to ensure that mitigation actions are taken. The Committee believes that special emphasis should be placed on implementing mitigation measures in schools and hospitals because of their critical role in community life and their heightened importance during disasters.

One of this nation's greatest resources — children — spends a large portion of time in school buildings. Schools also serve as primary shelters for evacuees during disasters.

All too often, however, school buildings are neither constructed nor maintained to withstand the physical effects of natural hazards, and in many states they are exempt from building codes. As a result, they are potential death traps for the students or evacuees within them. Hospitals and other health care facilities minister to the sick and injured and are the locus of the medical technology and expertise that are essential in a disaster.

When hospital facilities fail during a disaster, as they have in numerous recent earthquakes and hurricanes, not only are patients and medical personnel killed or trapped within them, but stricken communities are also deprived of needed medical resources, equipment, and supplies. Wherever economically feasible, communities should strengthen other essential facilities such as emergency operations centers, police and fire stations, utilities, and telecommunications and transportation networks, all of which are critical to emer- Page 24 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Family plans should include specified meeting places in case family members are separated before or during an event, and local schools need to make plans for protecting and accommodating children until they can be reunited with family.

Museums, convention centers, theaters, and other places of public assembly should also be included in a program to strengthen buildings. Plans are also needed to include the private sector in mitigation activities for both public and private structures.

Adoption of nonstructural measures. Businesses and homes should incorporate nonstructural mitigation measures to minimize injuries and property damage from natural disasters. Furniture and equipment, for example, can be easily secured to reduce injuries and damage from earthquakes.

Other nonstructural measures are management of vegetation to reduce damage from wildfires and location of structures away from high-hazard areas.Latin Word List.

By benjaminpohle.com (which works again, yay) Source: Latin Word List (This dictionary contains 7, words; Use Ctrl+F (or Cmd+F) to search for a word).

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Earthquake Mitigation in Emergency Management Earthquake Risks and Hazards Earthquake Risk Mitigation Mandatory-structural Mitigation Nonstructural Mitigation This paper aims at analyzing the risk and hazards associated with earthquakes.

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