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Trent Dougherty and Justin P. November 05, Trent Dougherty and Justin P. New Essays, Oxford University Press,pp.
In the preface, the authors say that a the collection moves the debate over the viability of sceptical theism forward; b the contributors are fairly evenly divided between established scholars in the field and up-and-coming scholars working in philosophy of religion; and c they aimed for a collection that is balanced.
I think it fair to say that the collection does move the debate forward, that there is a nice division between established and up-and-coming scholars, and that there are many respects in which it is balanced.
However, it will not go unremarked elsewhere that what is perhaps the standout essay -- by Lara Buchak -- is also the only chapter written by a woman.
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There is a large existing literature on sceptical theism. Some of the major contributors to it -- e. Schellenberg, and Stephen Wykstra -- have new contributions here.
The book is divided into four parts. I shall consider each in turn. Part I, 'Knowledge and Epistemic Humility', kicks off with a pair of papers that continue the exchange between Jonathan Matheson and Trent Dougherty over the consistency of sceptical theism with commonsense epistemology.
Matheson argues that Weak Sceptical Theism -- the claim that, if an individual is on balance justified in believing that she is in no position to judge whether particular evils are gratuitous, then she is not on balance justified in believing that any particular evil is gratuitous -- is consistent with Phenomenal Conservatism -- the claim that, if it seems to S as if P, then S thereby has at least prima facie justification for believing that P.
According to Matheson, if a person is on balance justified in believing that she is in no position to judge whether particular evils are gratuitous, then any direct evidence that that person has for the claim that particular evils are gratuitous will be fully defeated.
While there are many interesting questions of detail that are taken up in this discussion -- concerning, for example, the distinction between rebutting and undercutting defeaters, and the merits of Bayesian epistemology -- it is a curious feature of the discussion that it is far from clear that the main claims of the two protagonists are jointly inconsistent: Matheson's Weak Sceptical Theism does not entail the view that Dougherty claims sceptical theists have almost universally held.
Tucker defends two claims: In his view, in appreciating how limited with respect to knowledge, power and goodness we are in relation to that which would be had by a perfect creator were there to be one, we come to have reason to be in doubt about whether our thoughts about what would justify a perfect creator in allowing evil track what would be a perfect creator's justifying purposes.
In particular, according to Coffman, the truth of the claim that at best we have undefeated reason to withhold judgment on whether the total value we perceive in certain states of affairs accurately reflects the total moral value they really have plays a crucial role in defeating the suggestion that encounters with evil may justify some who take those evils as sufficient grounds to reject the claim that God exists.
Draper argues that if, on the assumption that God exists, we grant that we would not expect to know God's reasons for permitting certain evils, then a CORNEA's core shows that our inability to adequately explain the existence of those evils in terms of theism is not strong evidence against theism; but b CORNEA's core fails to show that the evils themselves are not strong evidence against theism.
Next, Perrine and Wykstra argue that, despite Draper's claims to the contrary, there is a moderate sceptical theism that defeats Draper's well-known evidential argument from evil.
They formulate Draper's argument as: Naturalism is a much simpler hypothesis than theism. Naturalism has a better predictive fit than theism regarding the data of good and evil. Therefore Theism is probably false. Draper responds with a range of criticisms of Perrine and Wykstra, diagnosing both 'misunderstandings' and 'mistakes'.
In particular, he suggests that they make a mistake that can be brought out with the following analogy. Suppose that three balls are drawn randomly from four urns. According to theory, the balls all come from either the first or second urn; according to theory, the balls all come from either the third or fourth urn.
As it happens, the first, third and fourth urns all contain yellow balls and purple balls, while the second urn contains 3 yellow balls and purple balls.
There are two versions of each of the theories: That the first ball drawn is yellow favours theory over theory and the first version of theory over the second version of theorySep 13, · States and Mates September 13, pm September 13, pm Note: This lesson was originally published on an older version of The Learning Network; the link to the related Times article will take you to a page on the old site.
Editorial team. General Editors: David Bourget (Western Ontario) David Chalmers (ANU, NYU) Area Editors: David Bourget Gwen Bradford. Essay america fragmented furniture industry essay changing undergo asian mate, my favourite cartoon hero essay conclusion causes of the russian revolution essays pygmalion and the statue analysis essay la prenessaye champaign.
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Recommended Reading: Paradox of the Liar, ed. by Robert L. Martin (Ridgeview, ); Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox, ed.
by Robert L. Martin (Oxford, ); Vann McGee, Truth, Vagueness, and Paradox: An Essay on the Logic of Truth (Hackett, ); Robert C.
Koons, Paradoxes of Belief and Strategic Rationality (Cambridge, ); and Benson Mates, Skeptical Essays (Chicago, ). Tyurin, one of her crew mates though skeptical at first later described Ansari as very professional adding that he felt like he had worked with her for a decade or so.
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|Craig Knoche, Benson Mates: "Skeptical Essays" - PhilPapers||After that time, his work takes on a much darker hue.|
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