It is evident to any one who takes a survey of the objects of human knowledge, that they are either ideas actually imprinted on the senses, or else such as are perceived by attending to the passions and operations of the mind, or lastly ideas formed by help of memory and imagination, either compounding, dividing, or barely representing those originally perceived in the aforesaid ways.
What to include in literary analysis Take a look at this sample paragraph. It includes 3 basic kinds of materials: Quoting is only one of several ways to present textual material as evidence.
You can also refer to textual data, summarize, and paraphrase. You will often want merely to refer or point to passages as in the third sentence in the sample paragraph that contribute to your argument.
In other cases you will want to paraphrase, i. Summarize or paraphrase when it is not so much the language of the text that justifies your position, but the substance or content.
Quote selectively Similarly, after you have decided that you do want to use material in quoted form, quote only the portions of the text specifically relevant to your point. Think of the text in terms of units--words, phrases, sentences, and groups of sentences paragraphs, stanzas --and use only the units you need.
If it is particular words or phrases that "prove" your point, you do not need to quote the sentences they appear in; rather, incorporate the words and phrases into sentences expressing your own ideas.
Maintaining Clarity and Readability Introduce your quotations Introduce a quotation either by indicating what it is intended to show or by naming its source, or both. Do not use two quotations in a row, without intervening material of your own. Pay attention to verb tense Tense is a tricky issue.
But events in a narrative or drama take place in a time sequence. You will often need to use a past tense to refer to events that took place before the moment you are presently discussing: He advises her to "mend [her] speech a little. Keep in mind that when you are writing a paper about the same text and quoting from the same edition that everyone else in the class is, instructors will often allow you to use informal documentation.
In this case just include the page number in parentheses after the quotation or reference to the text.
To be sure, though, you should ask your course instructor. The documentation style used in this pages is that presented in the MLA Handbook, but other style systems are commonly used.Quick Fact Macbeth was Abraham Lincoln's favorite play.
The well-read president would often entertain guests by quoting his favorite passages. Eerily, less than a week before his assassination at the hands of John Wilkes Booth – himself an actor who had played Macbeth to packed audiences – Lincoln became fixated on these fateful lines.
George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne, was one of the great philosophers of the early modern period. He was a brilliant critic of his predecessors, particularly Descartes, Malebranche, and Locke.
Because different versions of the Bible may use italics differently, Scripture quotations should not be in italics. As a general rule, the source of the majority of Bible verses referred to in any one text should be specified somewhere in the work.
How to quote in an essay?
Quoting passages in books, essays, research papers and other articles depends on two things: (1) the appropriateness of the passage you want to quote and (2) the idea of your paragraph where you want to include the quotation. To quote 5 or more lines of prose, or 3 or more lines of verse, begin on a new line, set the quoted passage off from the text of your essay by indenting 1″ ( cm) or about 10 spaces from the left margin, double-space between lines, without using quotation marks.
30 Renowned Authors Inspired By Cats. Cats – with all their mysteriousness and adorableness and softness – have served as muses for some of the most brilliant writers in the world for centuries.