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Le Bail method full saga More than you ever wanted to know about it! Should it be called the Taylor method according to Rodriguez-Carvajal?
Or the Toraya method since Taylor made in the same kind of calculations as Toraya in ? Or finally should it be recalled the Rietveld method since Toraya applied exactly the Rietveld decomposition formula in its normal way?
Suspense has to be present in a good saga Cling on to your seat, let's go, with a bit of grey humor! Last updated February - Armel Le Bail The Le Bail method is quite a small little thing, a tiny detail in the way to apply the Rietveld decomposition formula.
But that Thesis on zeolites detail changes the horizon. Like for many things that seem obvious after their invention you know, the wheel and so onnobody think to it during years 20!
Some even think today that I was not really the inventor Let us see that. A long and controversial route was opened. The two papers below were cited and times, respectively, in the range Web of Science data. Rietveld, A profile refinement method for nuclear and magnetic structures, J.
It seemed so simple that my first thought was that probably either it was already done or it did not work at all. But at least everybody used it successfully for only one cycle when extracting the so-called " Fobs " at the end of any Rietveld refinement.
These " Fobs " being used for RBragg calculation and Fourier difference purposes though it was long recognized that they were biased due to partitioning according to the Fcalc, hence the quotes. Iterations were started from a set of arbitrarily identical F s instead of Fcal s that choice leading to equipartition in case of strict overlapping of reflectionswhile the cell and profile parameters were refined in the normal way least-square.
The question of the conventional X-rays K-alpha-2 component was undertaken by constraining the alpha-1 and alpha-2 F extracted values to be identical for the same hkl set after every iteration. Convergence was faster with monochromatic data than with K-alpha-1,2 data, because of the above constraint.
A first structure was determined during the following days, and published in , followed by a dozen during the next three years. These times were extremely exciting! And the instant when a structure is solved continues to excite me a lot. But I made the error of not publishing clearly how that tiny invention worked.
You always pay for your errors But it is true that the method is completely described by a quite short and simple phrase: Infour publications  can be listed that used this procedure, one of them made use of neutron diffraction data.
There is always some delay between structure solution and publication, so that the first conference I gave about "Ab initio crystal structure determination from powder diffraction data" was in Spain, University of Valencia, in Julydue to some collaborative work with P.
Beltran-Porter on the crystal structure of phosphate compounds that were published mainly in The slides of that old conference are available. This ref  is the most cited paper about the Le Bail method. However, it is the first application, without too much explanations about the algorithm. More can be found in other paper, for instance the following which can be cited preferably, if you wish: Whole powder pattern decomposition methods and applications - A retrospection, A.synthesis and characterization of zeolite beta a thesis submitted to the graduate school of natural and applied sciences of middle east technical university.
CO2, N2 and Ar Adsorption on Zeolites By Aslı ERTAN A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate School in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the .
Fly ash, generated during the combustion of coal for energy production, is an industrial by-product which is recognized as an environmental pollutant.
* Global warming is defined by the American Heritage Dictionary of Science as “an increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere,” either by “human industry and agriculture” or by natural causes like the Earth has “experienced numerous” times “through its history.”.
I MASTER’S THESIS: ADSORPTION REMOVAL OF TERTIARY BUTYL ALCOHOL FROM WASTEWATER BY ZEOLITE A Thesis Submitted in . Y zeolites dealuminated by steaming were introduced as fluid-cracking catalysts in the year Extensive research has been done to develop suitable dealumination techniques, to investigate crystal structure, and to characterize catalytic behaviour.
However, the origin of the secondary pore system formed in the zeolite structure during dealumination process remained completely obscure over a.